brigade

[17] Brigade is one of a small set of words (others are brigand and brigantine) which go back to Italian briga ‘strife’. It is not clear where this came from; theories have centred either on a Celtic origin, comparing Old Irish brig ‘strength’, or on a derivation from the Indo- European base *bhreg-, which produced English break. Either way, the noun briga produced the verb brigare ‘contend, brawl’, from which in turn came the noun brigata. This originally meant simply ‘crowd or gang of people’, but soon developed the special sense ‘military company’. English acquired the word via French brigade. Meanwhile, the present participle of the Italian verb had given brigante, which English borrowed via Old French as brigand [14], and the diminutive brigantino ‘fighting ship’, source of English brigantine [16] (abbreviated in the 18th century to brig). Brigadier is a 17th-century adoption, from French. => BRIG, BRIGAND, BRIGANTINE

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • brigade — [ brigad ] n. f. • v. 1650; « troupe » 1360; it. brigata 1 ♦ Anciennt Unité composée de deux régiments (jusqu en 1914, pour l infanterie et 1940, pour la cavalerie); auj. Unité tactique à l intérieur de la division. La division compte… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brigade — Bri*gade , n. [F. brigade, fr. It. brigata troop, crew, brigade, originally, a contending troop, fr. briga trouble, quarrel. See {Brigand}.] 1. (Mil.) A body of troops, whether cavalry, artillery, infantry, or mixed, consisting of two or more… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brigade — Студийный альбом …   Википедия

  • Brigade — Sf eine Truppenabteilung erw. fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. brigade, dieses aus it. brigata Kampftruppe , einer Ableitung von it. brigare kämpfen , abgeleitet von it. briga Streit . Die weitere Herkunft ist nicht geklärt. Dazu… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Brigade M — Выступление в Café de Beukelsbrug 20 июня 2009. Основная информация Жанр …   Википедия

  • brigade — BRIGADE. s. f. Troupe de gens de guerre d une même Compagnie, sous un Officier que l on nomme Brigadier. Brigadier des Gardes du Corps. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De plusieurs bataillons ou escadrons d une armée, qui sont sous le commandement d un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Brigade 6 — is an inactive Norwegian Infantry Brigade. Upon mobilization of the Norwegian Army, this Infantry Brigade will be under the command of the 6th Division of the Norwegian Army …   Wikipedia

  • Brigade S. — Gründung 1999 Genre Punk Rock Website http://www.punkrockpolizei.de/ Gründungsmitglieder Sänger Malte Gitarre Christian B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brigade M — (2009) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brigade — Brigade: Die Bezeichnung für »größere Truppenabteilung« wurde im 17. Jh. aus frz. brigade entlehnt, das seinerseits aus it. brigata »streitbarer ‹Heer›haufen« stammt. Das zugrunde liegende Substantiv it. briga »Streit« ist ohne sichere Deutung.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • brigade — [bri gād′] n. [Fr < MFr < OIt brigata, troop, company < brigare, to contend < briga, strife, quarrel] 1. a large unit of soldiers 2. a) Historical a unit of the U.S. Army comprising two or more regiments b) now, a military unit… …   English World dictionary

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